Two of the most common infertility problems experienced by men are a low sperm count and low sperm motility. Some men may even experience both of these problems. While there may sometimes be similar causes and similar treatments, low sperm count and low sperm motility are two very different problems.
In the most basic sense, a low sperm count refers to the number of sperm that are in a man’s semen. Sperm count is measured by counting the number of sperm present in a specific volume of semen. Normal sperm count is considered to be anywhere between 40 and 300 million sperm per milliliter of ejaculation. It is considered low sperm count when you have fewer than 20 million sperm per milliliter ejaculated. As you can see, the difference between a “normal” sperm count and a low sperm count is rather distinct.
Sperm motility, in contrast, talks about how your sperm move. Specifically, motility refers to the way in which the sperm moves forward toward the fallopian tubes, where it has the potential to fertilize an egg. Sperm motility is measured differently than sperm count. Sperm motility is measured as a percentage of the sperm that are moving forward. A sperm motility above 50% is considered normal. Sperm motility between 0 and 50% is considered to be low sperm motility.
Extreme heat, infection, a varicocele, and genetic causes are all things that can contribute to a low sperm count and low sperm motility. If you have a low sperm count or low sperm motility, there may be a variety of treatments, both medical and natural, that might help you to be able to conceive. From nutritional supplements all the way up to complicated and expensive fertility procedures such as IVF or ICSI, low sperm count and low sperm motility can generally be treated effectively. In many cases, there is little difference between the treatment for a low sperm count and the treatment for low sperm motility.